Last updated on: 2/6/2013 | Author: ProCon.org

James A. Garfield Biography

Title:
20th President of the United States
Position:
Con to the question "Should Churches (Including Mosques, Synagogues, etc.) Remain Tax-Exempt?"
Reasoning:

“The divorce between Church and State ought to be absolute. It ought to be so absolute that no Church property anywhere, in any state or in the nation, should be exempt from equal taxation; for if you exempt the property of any church organization, to that extent you impose a tax upon the whole community.”

US Congressional Record, US Department of State “InfoUSA” website, 1874

Theoretical Expertise Ranking:
Experts
Individuals with JDs, PhDs, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to churches and taxes. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to the churches and taxes issue.
Involvement and Affiliations:
  • 20th President of the United States, Mar. 4, 1881-Sep. 19, 1881
  • Elected to the US Senate (R-OH), 1880
  • Recognized as the ranking House Republican, 1878
  • Chairman, US House Committee on Appropriations, 1871-1875
  • Chairman, US House Committee on Banking and Currency, 1869-1871
  • Chairman, US House Committee on Military Affairs, 1867-1869
  • US House Representative (R-OH), 1862-1880
  • Lieutenant Colonol, Brigadier General, and Major General of Volunteers, American Civil War
  • Elected to the Ohio State Senate as a Republican, 1859
  • Passed Ohio bar exams, 1861
  • President and Classics Professor, Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (later Hiram College), Hiram, OH, 1850s
  • Former part-time teacher, carpenter, and janitor
  • Former canal boat team driver
Education:
  • Graduated, Williams College, MA, 1856
  • Attended Western Reserve Eclectic Institute (later Hiram College), Hiram, OH, 1851-1854
  • Attended Geauga Academy, Chester, OH, 1849-1850
Contact Info:
Phone
None found
Email
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Website
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Other:
  • Full name is James Abram Garfield
  • Died from infection and internal hemorrhage in Elberon, NJ on Sep. 19, 1881 after being shot by an assassin in Washington, DC on July 2, 1881
  • Had five children
  • Married Lucretia Rudolph (“Crete”), Nov. 1858
  • Born in Orange Township, Cuyahoga County, OH on Nov. 19, 1831
Quoted in:
Pro & Con Quotes: Should Churches (Including Mosques, Synagogues, etc.) Remain Tax-Exempt?