Con to the question "Should Churches (Defined as Churches, Temples, Mosques, Synagogues, etc.) Remain Tax-Exempt?"
"If history be our guide, then tax exemption of church property in this country is indeed highly suspect, as it arose in the early days when the church was an agency of the state...
Churches, like newspapers also enjoying First Amendment rights, have no constitutional immunity from all taxes...
If believers are entitled to public financial support, so are nonbelievers. A believer and nonbeliever under the present law are treated differently because of the articles of their faith. Believers are doubtless comforted that the cause of religion is being fostered by this legislation. Yet one of the mandates of the First Amendment is to promote a viable, pluralistic society and to keep government neutral, not only between sects, but also between believers and nonbelievers. The present involvement of government in religion may seem de minimis [insignificant]. But it is, I fear, a long step down the Establishment path...
I conclude that this tax exemption is unconstitutional."
Walz v. Tax Commission of the City of New York (dissenting opinion), May 4, 1970
Experts Individuals with JDs, PhDs, or equivalent advanced degrees in fields relevant to churches and taxes. Also top-level government officials (such as foreign leaders, US presidents, Founding Fathers, Supreme Court Justices, members of legislative bodies, cabinet members, military leaders, etc.) with positions relevant to the churches and taxes issue.
Involvement and Affiliations:
Associate Justice, US Supreme Court, Apr. 17, 1939-Nov. 12, 1975
Commissioner, US Securities and Exchange Commission, 1936-1939 (Chairman, 1937-1939)
Director, Protective Study Committee, US Securities and Exchange Commission, 1934-1936
Sterling Professor of Law, Yale Law School, 1928-1936
Assistant Professor of Law, Columbia Law School, 1926-1928
Private practice, New York City, 1925-1926
Attended Whitman College regiment of the Students' Army Training Corps, Walla Walla, WA
LLB, Columbia Law School, 1925
AB, Whitman College, 1920
Phone: None found Fax: None found Email: None found Website: None found
Nature's Justice: Writings of William O. Douglas, Ed. James M. O'Fallon, 2009
The Court Years: 1939 to 1975: The Autobiography of William O. Douglas, 1980
Go East,Young Man: The Early Years: The Autobiography of William O. Douglas, 1974
An Almanac of Liberty, 1973
The Three Hundred Year War: A Chronicle of Ecological Disaster, 1972
The Right of the People, 1962
Muir of the Mountains, 1961
Of Men and Mountains, 1950
Being an American, 1948
Died in Bethesda, MD, on Jan. 19, 1980 (buried at Arlington National Cemetary, VA)
Full name is William Orville Douglas
Record-holder for longest continuous service on the the US Supreme Court: 36 years, 6 months, and 25 days
Nickname: Wild Bill
Son of William Douglas (Presbyterian minister)
Born in Maine, MN, on Oct. 16, 1898
"On his tombstone in Arlington National Cemetery, William O. Douglas is identified correctly as a former justice of the United States Supreme Court, and incorrectly as a former member of the United States armed forces... Douglas himself was willfully responsible for the mistake. For 10 weeks at the end of World War I, the 20-year-old Douglas served in the Whitman College regiment of the Students' Army Training Corps in Walla Walla, Wash., where he and his fellow trainees conducted unarmed predawn marches in their street clothes against imaginary enemies. He later described his wartime experience as a three-month stint in Europe as an Army private, and recorded some of the putative details in an autobiography as well as a Supreme Court opinion." "Dirty Rotten Hero," New York Times, Apr. 13, 2003